An essay on human heart transplantation

Find articles by G. Road, Santacruz West Mumbai -India. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Surgical transplantation of human organs from deceased as well as living donors to sick and dying patients began after the Second World War.

An essay on human heart transplantation

What is the future of heart transplant? Introduction to heart transplant The idea of replacing a bad organ with a good one has been documented in ancient mythology.

An essay on human heart transplantation

The first real organ transplants were probably skin grafts that may have been done in India as early as the second century B. The first heart transplant in any animal is credited to Vladimer Demikhov. Working in Moscow inDemikhov switched the hearts between two dogs. The dogs survived the surgery.

The first heart transplant in human beings was done in South Africa in by Dr. Christiaan Barnard; the patient only lived 18 days.

Most of the research that led to successful heart transplantation took place in the United States at Stanford University under the leadership of Dr. Once Stanford started reporting better results, other centers started doing heart transplants.

However, successful transplantation of a human heart was not ready for widespread clinical application until medications were developed to prevent the recipient from "rejecting" the donor heart. Before the advent of cyclosporine, overall results of heart transplant were not very good.

What is a heart transplant? Believe it or not, heart transplantation is a relatively simple operation for a cardiac surgeon. In fact, the procedure actually consists of three operations. The first operation is harvesting the heart from the donor. The donor is usually an unfortunate person who has suffered irreversible brain injurycalled "brain death".

Very often these are patients who have had major trauma to the head, for example, in an automobile accident. A team of physicians, nurses, and technicians goes to the hospital of the donor to remove donated organs once brain death of the donor has been determined. The removed organs are transported on ice to keep them alive until they can be implanted.

For the heart, this is optimally less than six hours. Removing the damaged heart may be very easy or very difficult, depending on whether the recipient has had previous heart surgery as is often the case. If there has been previous surgery, cutting through the scar tissue may prolong and complicate removal of the heart.

The third operation is probably the easiest; the implantation of the donor heart. Today, this operation basically involves the creation of only five lines of stitchesor "anastomoses".

An essay on human heart transplantation

These suture lines connect the large blood vessels entering and leaving the heart. Remarkably, if there are no complications, most patients who have had a heart transplant are home about one week after the surgery. The generosity of donors and their families makes organ transplant possible.Whether a patient needs a new kidney, liver, heart, or lung, there are multiple issues that the patient and the family need to deal with.

They involve decisions before . Feb 01,  · Surgical transplantation of human organs from deceased as well as living donors to sick and dying patients began after the Second World War.

Heart Transplants - A Scholarly Essay Since the early s, when the first organ transplants were made using donated kidneys, medical science has continued to practice and perfect the process of removing and transplanting a variety of human organs. Human Organ Transplantation: The Removal Of A Living Tissue Or Organ Essay - Introduction Human organ transplantation is known as the removal of a living tissue or organ from one individual by surgical operation, and it is placed into another individual, with the aim of improving the health of the recipient. The first heart transplant in human beings was done in South Africa in by Dr. Christiaan Barnard; the patient only lived 18 days. Most of the research that led to successful heart transplantation took place in the United States at Stanford University under the leadership of Dr. Norman Shumway. Once Stanford started reporting better results.

Over the past 50 years the transplantation of human organs, tissues and cells has become a worldwide practice . Human Organ Traffic Essay.

to transplant a part of body for survival, the law prohibiting the widespread of trading human organs in numerous nations is being a controversial issue.

Heart Transplant Essay Sample. Cardiac transplantation, also called heart transplantation, has evolved into the treatment of choice for many people with severe heart failure (HF) who have severe symptoms despite maximum medical therapy.

The first heart transplant in human beings was done in South Africa in by Dr. Christiaan Barnard; the patient only lived 18 days.

Most of the research that led to successful heart transplantation took place in the United States at Stanford University under the leadership of Dr. Norman Shumway. Once Stanford started reporting better results. Free Essay: A Solution for Organs Transplantation None of countries in the world allow selling human organs because it is against humane to put human bodily.

Psychiatric Aspects of Organ Transplantation