Tips on Summarizing In academic writing, there are a few things to keep in mind when summarizing outside sources: Original Despite decades of research into the sociocultural model of eating disorders, we still do not understand how such sociocultural influences produce disordered eating in any given individual or why a similar person in the same cultural milieu does not become disordered. Clearly, though, one source of vulnerability lies in a woman's body image. To the extent that a woman's self-image is challenged or threatened by an unattainable ideal of an impossibly thin female physique, she may well become susceptible to disruption of her self-regard, and may be more likely to develop an eating disorder.
Posted by Chelsea Lee at 1: Some in-text citations also include page numbers or other location information when page numbers are not available, as with some online materials.
This post describes when and how to include page numbers in APA Style for different kinds of citations as well as how to include the appropriate location information in lieu of page numbers when page numbers are not available.
Virginia has been a university English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Author Tag: You need to start your summary by telling the name of the article and the author. Here are three examples of how to do that (pay close attention to the. by Chelsea Lee. All APA Style in-text citations have two parts: the author and the date. Some in-text citations also include page numbers (or other location information when page numbers are not available, as with some online materials). APA Style and Writing APA format is the social science and psychology writing style. Learn the basics of writing in APA style, how to write an abstract, cite sources, and more.
Direct Quotations A direct quotation reproduces the words of another writer verbatim and is displayed in quotation marks if the quotation is fewer than 40 words or as a block quotation if the quotation is 40 words or more.
When you include a direct quotation in a paper, include the author, date, and page number on which the quotation can be found or other location information in the citation. There are many ways to cite a direct quotation; see more examples here. For example, you might put a sentence into your own words, or you might summarize what another author or set of authors found.
When you include a paraphrase in a paper, you are required to include only the author and date in the citation.
You are encouraged but not required to also provide the page number or other location information for a paraphrased citation when it would help the reader locate the relevant passage in a long or complex text such as when you use only a short part of a book.
The examples below show a citation for a paraphrase that includes the page number. Bram and Peebles advocated for psychologists to evaluate all the available data before making a deduction, just as Sherlock Holmes investigates a case, lest they jump to an erroneous conclusion on the basis of insufficient evidence pp.
There are many ways to paraphrase material; here are more examples and some advice. How to Cite Material Without Page Numbers If the cited material does not have page numbers such as may occur with some e-books and you need them for an in-text citation, use any of the following location information instead: Psychological testing that matters: Creating a road map for effective treatment.
Retiring minds want to know.
Monitor on Psychology, 45 1. You are so beautiful. Seeing beyond biases and achieving accuracy in romantic relationships.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,— I translated a quotation from the article from French into English. How do I format my translation of the quotation? Do I use quotation marks around it? Yours, Dear Translated Terry, Your conundrum is a common one in this multilingual world. Luckily, the solution is quite simple: If you translated a passage from one language into another it is considered a paraphrase, not a direct quotation.
Thus, to cite your translated material, all you need to do is include the author and date of the material in the in-text citation. We recommend but do not require that you also include the page number in the citation, because this will help any readers who do speak French to find the translated passage in the original.
Here is an example: Translated quotation that appeared in the paper: Women working in masculine fields adopted masculine stereotypes Doutre,p. In the reference list, provide the citation for the work in its original language.
Also provide an English translation of the title of the work in square brackets after the foreign-language title, without italics. Consequences for identity and working relationships]. You may wonder why your translation is considered a paraphrase rather than a direct quotation.
Citing a Published Translation Finally, note that citing a translation you made is different than citing a published translation someone else made.
If you read a work in translation and you used a direct quotation from it in your paper, you would put quotation marks around the quoted passage just as for any other direct quotation citation. Although the work has been translated, it exists in a distinct, retrievable form.
Likewise, in the reference list you would write an entry for the translated version of the work. I hope this helps you cite your own translations in APA Style.Write a one-page summary of the author's main idea and supporting points.
This essay is intended to provide you with practice in a) using a database for finding journal articles, b) summarizing in writing material you read, a skill vital to taking notes for future research projects, and c) documenting journal articles in American Psychological Association (APA) style.
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Affordable prices and written from scratch by highly qualified academic writers. Writing the Summary Like an abstract in a published research article, the purpose of an article summary is to give the reader a brief overview of the study.
Writing a summary or abstract teaches you how to condense information and how to read an article more effectively and with better understanding.
Research articles usually contain these parts: Title/Author Information, Abstract, Introduction, Methodology, Result or Findings, Discussion or Conclusion, and References.
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