Launching a new studio is not easy because it requires lots of capital, lots of talented people and some great screenplays. Unless you come from a family of filmmakers, go to film school and learn everything you can. Learn how all the different disciplines work. Filmmaking is an art and a craft, but it is also a business so a business school education or entertainment law will also be very valuable.
Stages of production[ edit ] Film production consists of five major stages: Financing for the project has to be sought and obtained. Arrangements and preparations are made for the shoot, such as hiring cast and film crewselecting locations and constructing sets.
The raw footage and other elements for the film are recorded during the film shoot. The images, sound, and visual effects of the recorded film are edited and combined into a finished product. Development[ edit ] In this stage, the project producer selects a story, which may come from a bookplayanother filmtrue storyvideo gamecomic bookgraphic novelor an original ideaetc.
After identifying a theme or underlying message, the producer works with writers to prepare a synopsis. Next they produce a step outlinewhich breaks the story down into one-paragraph scenes that concentrate on dramatic structure.
Then, they prepare a treatmenta topage description of the story, its mood, and characters. This usually has little dialogue and stage directionbut often contains drawings that help visualize key points.
Another way is to produce a scriptment once a synopsis is produced. Next, a screenwriter writes a screenplay over a period of several months.
The screenwriter may rewrite it several times to improve dramatization, clarity, structure, characters, dialogue, and overall style. However, producers often skip the previous steps and develop submitted screenplays which investors, studios, and other interested parties assess through a process called script coverage.
A film distributor may be contacted at an early stage to assess the likely market and potential financial success of the film. Hollywood distributors adopt a hard-headed no approach and consider factors such as the film genrethe target audience and assumed audience, the historical success of similar films, the actors who might appear in the film, and potential directors.
All these factors imply a certain appeal of the film to a possible audience. Not all films make a profit from the theatrical release alone, so film companies take DVD sales and worldwide distribution rights into account. The producer and screenwriter prepare a film pitchor treatment, and present it to potential financiers.
They will also pitch the film to actors and directors especially so-called bankable stars in order to "attach" them to the project that is, obtain a binding promise to work on the film if financing is ever secured. Many projects fail to move beyond this stage and enter so-called development hell.
If a pitch succeeds, a film receives a " green light ", meaning someone offers financial backing: The parties involved negotiate a deal and sign contracts.Get the most out of sample plans.
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