The history of the yosemite national park and the national parks system in america

Paul Getty Museum] It was during one of the darkest hours, before Sherman had begun the march upon Atlanta or Grant his terrible movement through the Wilderness, when the paintings of Bierstadt and the photographs of Watkins, both productions of the War time, had given to the people on the Atlantic some idea of the sublimity of the Yo Semite, and of the stateliness of the neighboring Sequoia grove, that consideration was first given to the danger that such scenes might become private property and … their value to posterity be injured.

The history of the yosemite national park and the national parks system in america

His works and written accounts were distributed nationally, and an art exhibition of his drawings was held in New York City. Hutchings' publicity efforts between and led to an increase in tourism to Yosemite.

He had simple lodgings built, and roads to the area. Inthe Wawona Hotel was built to serve tourists visiting Mariposa Grove. As tourism increased, so did the number of trails and hotels developed by people intending to build on the trade. When a carriage-wide tunnel was cut through the tree init became even more popular as a tourist photo attraction.

Everything from horse-drawn carriages in the late 19th century, to automobiles in the first part of the 20th century, traveled the road which passed through that tree. The Wawona Tree fell in under a heavy load of snow.

Things to do in Yosemite National Park

It was estimated to have been 2, years old. It bought out or built hotels, stores, camps, a dairy, a garage, and other park services. Administrators in the National Park Service felt that limiting the number of concessionaires in each national park would be more financially sound.

Yosemite Grant[ edit ] Map of rail and stage routes to Yosemite in Concerned by the effects of commercial interests, prominent citizens including Galen Clark and Senator John Conness advocated for protection of the area.

Galen Clark was appointed by the commission as the Grant's first guardian, but neither Clark nor the commissioners had the authority to evict homesteaders which included Hutchings.

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Tourism significantly increased after the First Transcontinental Railroad was completed inbut the long horseback ride to reach the area was a deterrent. John Muir was a Scottish-born American naturalist and explorer.

One of the most significant camping trips Muir took was in with then president Theodore Roosevelt. Muir was one of the first to theorize that the major landforms in Yosemite Valley were created by large alpine glaciers, bucking established scientists such as Josiah Whitneywho regarded Muir as an amateur.

Landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted emphasized the importance of conservation of Yosemite Valley. Increased protection efforts[ edit ] Theodore Roosevelt and John Muir on Glacier Point Overgrazing of meadows especially by sheeplogging of giant sequoia, and other damage caused Muir to become an advocate for further protection.

Yosemite Falls Trail - Yosemite National Park (U.S. National Park Service)

Muir convinced prominent guests of the importance of putting the area under federal protection; one such guest was Robert Underwood Johnsoneditor of Century Magazine. Muir also helped persuade local officials to virtually eliminate grazing from the Yosemite high country.

The newly created national park came under the jurisdiction of the United States Army's Troop I of the 4th Cavalry on May 19,which set up camp in Wawona with Captain Abram Epperson Wood as acting superintendent.

The cavalry could not intervene to ease the worsening condition of Yosemite Valley and Mariposa Grove. The cavalry left another legacy in the park, the ranger hat.The National Park Service cares for special places saved by the American people so that all may experience our heritage.

Yosemite National Park offers an abundance of activities and sightseeing destinations. The Valley is a 7 mile wide canyon with incredible rock formations, including El Capitan, the world's tallest granite monolith and one of the world's top rock climbing destinations.

Yosemite's first concession was established in when John Degnan and his wife established a bakery and store.

The history of the yosemite national park and the national parks system in america

In , the National Park Service granted a year concession to the Desmond Park Service Company. The National Parks: America's Best Idea is the story of an idea as uniquely American as the Declaration of Independence and just as radical: that the most special places in the nation should be.

On June 3, , Honnold became the first person to ever ascend El Capitan, the 3,foot granite wall in Yosemite National Park, without the use of ropes, a harness, or a safety net of any free-solo feat, long considered inconceivable within the rock-climbing world, sealed the year-old’s status as the best rock climber who has ever lived.

But the Hetch Hetchy Valley was within the confines of Yosemite National Park. within the National Park System. in history, two national parks were established in the United States10 years. Homepage (U.S. National Park Service)