The Mayflower and Plymouth Colony At the time of its famous voyage, the Mayflower was roughly 12 years old and had been in the business of shipping wine. Seen here is the replica Mayflower II.
Who were the Pilgrims? The people we know as Pilgrims have become so surrounded by legend that we are tempted to forget that they were real people. Against great odds, they made the famous voyage aboard the ship Mayflower and founded Plymouth Colony, but they were also ordinary English men and women.
To understand them, it is important that we look beyond the legend. This story will help you get to know these people, now known as the Pilgrims, through their first years in New England. Although he and his daughter, Queen Elizabeth I reignedchanged some things that made the Church of England different from the Roman Catholic Church, a few people felt that the new Church retained too many practices of the Roman Church.
They called for a return to a simpler faith and less structured forms of worship. In short, they wanted to return to worshipping in the way the early Christians had.
They thought the new Church of England was beyond reform. This opinion was very dangerous; in England in the s, it was illegal to be part of any church other than the Church of England.
The Separatist church congregation that established Plymouth Colony in New England was originally centered around the town of Scrooby in Nottinghamshire, England.
Members included the young William Bradford and William Brewster. When they felt they could no longer suffer these difficulties in England, they chose to flee to the Dutch Netherlands. There, they could practice their own religion without fear of persecution from the English government or its church.
The Pilgrims in Holland the Netherlands Although they had religious freedom, life in the Netherlands was not easy. The Separatists had to leave their homeland and friends to live in a foreign country without a clear idea of how they would support themselves.
The congregation stayed briefly in Amsterdam and then moved to the city of Leiden. There they remained for the next 11 or 12 years. Most found work in the cloth trades, while others were carpenters, tailors and printers.
Their lives required hard work. Even young children had to work.
Some older children were tempted by the Dutch culture and left their families to become soldiers and sailors. Their parents feared that they would lose their identity as English people.
To make matters worse, the congregation worried that another war might break out between the Dutch and Spanish. They decided to move again. The Move to America After careful thought, the congregation decided to leave Holland to establish a farming village in the northern part of the Virginia Colony.
At that time, Virginia extended from Jamestown in the south to the mouth of the Hudson River in the north, so the Pilgrims planned to settle near present-day New York City.
There they hoped to live under the English government, but they would worship in their own, separate church. The company of investors would provide passage for the colonists and supply them with tools, clothing and other supplies.
The colonists in turn would work for the company, sending natural resources such as fish, timber and furs back to England. The colonists and investors had many disagreements, but eventually the Pilgrims were able to leave Europe for America. The entire congregation could not come to America together.
Those who could settle their affairs in Leiden went first while the greater number, including their pastor John Robinson, remained behind. The congregation purchased a small ship, Speedwell, to transport them across the sea and to use for fishing and trading in America.
At Southampton, a port in England, they were joined by a group of English colonists who had been gathered by the investors. Speedwell and Mayflower — a ship rented by the investors — departed for America together. After twice turning back to England because Speedwell leaked, they were forced to leave the ship.
As a result, many families were divided when some passengers had to be turned back for lack of space.The Mayflower Families Fifth Generation Descendants, database features more than half a million searchable names, and is only available on feelthefish.com This exclusive database offers meticulous documentation for the fifth generation of Mayflower passengers who arrived in and left descendants.
The Mayflower Pilgrims and their fellow travelers were authors of the first true governing document created in a New World colony. The Mayflower Compact is considered to have set the stage for the Constitution of the United States. Mayflower Compact Agreement Between the Settlers at New Plymouth: IN THE NAME OF GOD, .
Dec 17, · (The Mayflower sailed back to England in April ) Once they moved ashore, the colonists faced even more challenges.
During their first winter in America, more than half of the Plymouth colonists died from malnutrition, disease and exposure to the harsh New England weather. Pilgrim History The Pilgrims were a group of English people who came to America seeking religious freedom during the reign of King James I.
After two attempts to leave England and move to Holland, a Separatist group was finally relocated to Amsterdam where they stayed for about one year. That’s what the Pilgrims did in the year , on a ship called Mayflower.
Mayflower set sail from England in July , but it had to turn back twice because Speedwell, the ship it was traveling with, leaked.
Dec 02, · Watch video · Some people, many of them seeking religious freedom in the New World, set sail from England on the Mayflower in September That November, the ship landed on the shores of Cape Cod, in.