Adopted as the national flag on 1 Januaryofficial colour designation under the Pantone Textile policy was established inthen ratified into law in The flag of Italy is a symbol of great importance to the nation and its people.
In Italy, Benito Mussolini used his charisma to establish a powerful fascist state.
He adopted the ancient Roman fasces as his symbol. This was a bundle of rods tied around an ax, which represented the power of Rome. Mussolini established the first fascist regime, followed soon after by others, including Nazi Germany. Fascism, however, differed somewhat from one nation to another.
Thus, scholars often disagree on a precise definition of fascism. Even so, they tend to agree on its common characteristics such as: Absolute Power of the State: Fascist regimes have a strong centralized state, or national government.
The fascist state seeks total control over all major parts of society. Individuals must give up their private needs and rights to serve the needs of the whole society as represented by the state.
Rule by a Dictator: A single dictator runs the fascist state and makes all the important decisions. This leader often uses charisma, a magnetic personality, to gain the support of the people.
Fascists believe in taming capitalism by controlling labor and factory owners. Unions, strikes, and other labor actions are illegal.
Although private property remains, the state controls the economy. They typically strengthen and unify the dominant group in a nation while stifling dissent and persecuting minority groups. Fascists believe that great nations show their greatness by conquering and ruling weak nations.
Fascists believe the state can survive only if it successfully proves its military superiority in war.
Inhe began to deliver emotional speeches, calling for a dictator to head the country. InMussolini organized his fascist movement in the northern city of Milan. He formed squads of street fighters who wore black shirts. The communist revolution in Russia had taken place only two years earlier.
InMussolini formed the National Fascist Party. But he still lacked a clear fascist program. He only knew one thing for sure:You cannot properly understand current world events without understanding the history of the 20th Century.
This topic takes us on a journey from the end of Imperialism through two world wars and the Cold War and brings us to our modern world.
The connection between Italian Futurism and fascism is well known. Alan Woods looks at the psychology of the Italian bourgeois and petit bourgeois intellectuals in the period before and during the First World War that gave rise to this singular phenomenon.
|Newsletter||His siblings Arnaldo and Edvige followed. As a compromise with his mother, Mussolini was sent to a boarding school run by Salesian monks.|
Benito Mussolini, in full Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini, byname Il Duce (Italian: “The Leader”), (born July 29, , Predappio, Italy—died April 28, , near Dongo), Italian prime minister (–43) and the first of 20th-century Europe’s fascist dictators.
Mussolini’s Rise to Power. After serving in the Italian army during World War I, Mussolini returned home, looking for a way to unify the Italian people.
In , he began to deliver emotional speeches, calling for a dictator to head the country. Italian Fascism (Italian: fascismo italiano), also known simply as Fascism, is the original fascist ideology as developed in feelthefish.com ideology is associated with a series of three political parties led by Benito Mussolini: the Fascist Revolutionary Party (PFR) founded in , the succeeding National Fascist Party (PNF) which was renamed at the Third Fascist Congress on 7–10 November Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was born on 29 July in Predappio in northern central Italy.
His father was a blacksmith. Employment prospects in the area were poor so in Mussolini moved.